STANDARD PRECAUTIONS AND PRACAUTIONS BASED ON TRANSMISSION OF DISEASES: LITERATURE REVIEW

Mayara Karoline Silva Lacerda, Sarah Caroline Oliveira de Souza, Danyela Mercury Soares, Beatriz Rezende Marinho da Silveira, Joanilva Ribeiro Lopes

Abstract


Backgound and Objectives: to ensure that precautions are instituted in professional practice becomes relevant membership
of the same, opposite to this, professionals must maintain appropriate attitudes and possess technical knowledge on the
subject. This study aimed to expose the types of Standard Precautions and Transmission Based on transmission of disease
and the importance of adopting the same in the hospital environment. Contents: according to Standard Precautions
studied the literature are all procedures that should be adopted during care to any patient in order to reduce the risk of transmission of microorganisms sources of infection. The Transmission-Based Precautions are prepared in accordance
with the mechanism of transmission of the disease and referred for suspected patients known to be infected or colonized with transmissible pathogens and epidemiological importance. Conclusion: it is apparent the need for discussions on the subject and the stimulus to the accession of such measures in hospitals, highlighting the important role of nurses in the prevention and control of disease transmission.
KEYWORDS: Precaution. Exposure to Biological Agents. Cross Infection. Communicable Diseases.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17058/reci.v4i4.4952



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Revista de Epidemiologia e Controle de Infecção - ISSN 2238-3360

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